While he achieved popular success, fame, and fortune in his lifetime,  he didn't receive much critical acclaim until after his death. Fitzgerald is now widely regarded as one of the greatest American writers of the 20th century.
Fitzgerald is considered a member of the " Sigmund freud biografia breve yahoo dating Generation " of the s. He finished four novels: A fifth, unfinished novel, The Last Tycoonwas published posthumously.
Four collections of his short stories were published, as well as short stories in magazines during his lifetime. Born in in Saint Paul, Minnesotato an upper-middle-class family, Fitzgerald was named after his famous second cousin, three times removed on his father's side, Francis Key but was always known as Scott Fitzgerald. He was also named after his deceased sister, Louise Scott Fitzgerald,  one of two sisters who died shortly before his birth.
I think I started then to be a writer. Paul from Maryland after the American Civil Warand was described as "a quiet gentlemanly man with beautiful Southern manners.
His formative years in Buffalo revealed him to be a boy of unusual intelligence with a keen early interest in literature. His doting mother ensured that her son had all the advantages of an upper-middle-class upbringing. Paul Academy in St. Paul from to After graduating from the Newman School inFitzgerald decided to stay in New Sigmund freud biografia breve yahoo dating to continue his artistic development at Princeton University.
He tried out for the college football team, but was cut the first day of practice. Fitzgerald's writing pursuits at Princeton came at the expense of his coursework, however, causing him to be placed on academic probation, and in he dropped out of university to join the Army. During the winter ofFitzgerald was stationed at Fort Leavenworth and was a student of future United States President and General of the Army Dwight Eisenhower whom he intensely disliked.
It was while attending Princeton that "Sigmund freud biografia breve yahoo dating" met Chicago socialite and debutante Ginevra King on a visit back home in St.
Fitzgerald was commissioned a second lieutenant in the infantry and assigned to Camp Sheridan outside of Montgomery, Alabama. Sayre and the "golden girl", in Fitzgerald's terms, of Montgomery society. The war ended inbefore Fitzgerald was ever deployed. Upon his discharge he moved to New York City hoping to launch a career in advertising that would be lucrative
Sigmund freud biografia breve yahoo dating to persuade Zelda to marry him. He worked for the Barron Collier advertising agency, living in a single room at Claremont Avenue in the Morningside Heights neighborhood on Manhattan's west side.
Zelda accepted his marriage proposal, but after some time and despite working at an advertising firm and writing short stories, he was unable to convince her that he would be able to support her, leading her to break off the engagement. Paul, to revise The Romantic Egotistrecast as This Side of Paradisea semi-autobiographical account of Fitzgerald's undergraduate years at Princeton. They resumed their engagement and were married at St.
Patrick's Cathedral, New York.
Paris in the s proved the most influential decade of Fitzgerald's development. Fitzgerald made several excursions to Europe, mostly Paris and the French Rivieraand became friends with many members of the American expatriate community in Paris, notably Ernest Hemingway. Fitzgerald's friendship with Hemingway Sigmund freud biografia breve yahoo dating quite effusive, as many of Fitzgerald's relationships would prove to be.
Hemingway did not get on well with Zelda, however, and in addition to describing her as "insane" in his memoir A Moveable Feast Hemingway claimed that Zelda "encouraged her husband to drink so as to distract Fitzgerald from his work on novel",   so he could work on the short stories he sold to magazines to help support their lifestyle. Like most professional authors at the time, Fitzgerald supplemented his income by writing short stories for such magazines as The Saturday Evening PostCollier's Weeklyand Esquireand sold his stories and novels to Hollywood studios.
This "whoring", as Fitzgerald and, subsequently, Hemingway called these sales,  was a sore point in the two authors' friendship. Fitzgerald claimed that he would first write his stories in an 'authentic' manner, then rewrite them to put in the "twists that made them into salable magazine stories.
Although Fitzgerald's passion lay in writing novels, only his first novel sold well enough to support the opulent lifestyle that he and Zelda adopted as New York celebrities.
The Great Gatsbynow considered to be his masterpiece, did not become popular until after Fitzgerald's death. Because of this lifestyle, as well as the bills from Zelda's medical care when they came, Fitzgerald was constantly in financial trouble and often required loans from his literary agent, Harold Oberand his editor at Scribner's, Maxwell Perkins. When Ober decided not to continue advancing money to Fitzgerald, the author severed ties with his longtime friend and agent.
Fitzgerald offered a good-hearted and apologetic tribute to this support in the late short story "Financing Finnegan". Fitzgerald began working on his fourth novel during the late s but was sidetracked by financial difficulties that necessitated his writing commercial short stories, and by the schizophrenia "Sigmund freud biografia breve yahoo dating" struck Zelda in Her emotional health remained fragile for the rest of her life.
The book went through many versions, the first of which was to be a story of matricide. Some critics have Sigmund freud biografia breve yahoo dating the book as a thinly veiled autobiographical novel recounting Fitzgerald's problems with his wife, the corrosive effects of wealth and a decadent lifestyle, his own egoism and self-confidence, and his continuing alcoholism.
Indeed, Fitzgerald was extremely protective of his "material" i.
When Zelda wrote and sent to Scribner's her own fictional version of their lives in Europe, Save Me the WaltzFitzgerald was angry and was able to make some changes prior to the novel's publication, and convince her doctors to keep her from writing any more about what he called his "material", which included their relationship.
His book was finally published in as Tender Is the Night. Critics who had waited nine years for the followup to The Great Gatsby had mixed opinions about the novel. Most were thrown off by its three-part structure and many felt that Fitzgerald had not lived up to their expectations.
He was hospitalized nine times at Johns Hopkins Hospital, and his friend H. Mencken noted in a letter that "The case of F. Scott Fitzgerald has become distressing. He is boozing in a wild manner and has become a nuisance. InFitzgerald was invited by producer John W. Scott and Zelda moved into a studio-owned bungalow in January of the following year and Fitzgerald soon met and began an affair with Lois Moran.
The starlet became a temporary muse for the author and he rewrote Rosemary Hoyt, one of the central characters in Tender is the Nightwho had been a male in earlier drafts to closely mirror her. The trip exacerbated the couple's marital difficulties, and they left Hollywood after two months. Although he reportedly found movie work degrading, Fitzgerald continued to struggle financially and entered into a lucrative exclusive deal with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer inthat necessitated him moving to Hollywood, where he earned his highest annual income up to that point: His only screenplay credit is for Three Comrades film.
He also spent time during this period working on his fifth and final novel, The Love of the Last Tycoonpublished posthumously as The Last Tycoonbased on film executive Irving
Sigmund freud biografia breve yahoo dating. InMGM terminated the contract, and Fitzgerald became a freelance screenwriter. From until his death inFitzgerald mocked himself as a Hollywood hack through the character of Pat Hobby in a sequence of 17 short stories, later collected as " The Pat Hobby Stories ", which garnered many positive reviews.
Fitzgerald, an alcoholic since college, became notorious during the s for his extraordinarily heavy drinking which would undermine his health by the late s. According to Zelda's biographer, Nancy MilfordFitzgerald claimed that he had contracted tuberculosisbut Milford dismisses it as a pretext to cover his drinking problems. However, Fitzgerald scholar Matthew J.
Bruccoli contends that Fitzgerald did in fact have recurring tuberculosis, and according to Milford, Fitzgerald biographer Arthur Mizener said that Fitzgerald suffered a mild attack of tuberculosis inand in he had "what proved to be a tubercular hemorrhage. Fitzgerald suffered two heart attacks in the late s.
After the first, in Schwab's Drug Storehe was ordered by his doctor "Sigmund freud biografia breve yahoo dating" avoid strenuous exertion. As the two were leaving the Pantages TheaterFitzgerald experienced a dizzy spell and had trouble leaving the theater; upset, he said to Graham, "They think I am drunk, don't they?
The following day, as Fitzgerald ate a candy bar and made notes in his newly arrived Princeton Alumni Weekly Graham saw him jump from his armchair, grab the mantelpiece, gasp, and fall to the floor.
She ran to the manager of the building, Harry Culverfounder of Culver City. Upon entering the apartment to assist Fitzgerald, he stated, "I'm afraid he's dead. NelsonFitzgerald's physician, signed the death certificate. Among the attendees at a visitation held at a funeral home was Dorothy Parkerwho reportedly cried and murmured "the poor son-of-a-bitch", a line from Jay Gatsby 's funeral in Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby.
At the time of his death, the Roman Catholic Church denied the family's request that Fitzgerald, a non-practicing Catholic, be buried in the family plot in the Catholic Saint Mary's Cemetery in Rockville, Maryland. Fitzgerald was instead buried at Rockville Union Cemetery.
Only one photograph of the original gravesite is known to exist. It was taken in by Fitzgerald scholar Richard Anderson and was first "Sigmund freud biografia breve yahoo dating" as part of an essay by fellow-scholar Bryant Mangum, "An Affair of Youth: Fitzgerald died before he could complete The Last Tycoon. In the book was reissued under the original title The Love of The Last Tycoonwhich is now agreed to have been Fitzgerald's preferred title. InSigmund freud biografia breve yahoo dating editor of The Strand Magazine discovered and published for the first time an 8,word manuscript, dated Julyof a Fitzgerald short-story titled "Temperature".
Fitzgerald's work has inspired writers ever since he was first published. Eliot to write, in a letter to Fitzgerald, "It seems to me to be the first step that American fiction has taken since Henry James But if there is, this is it.
Salinger expressed admiration of Fitzgerald's work, and his biographer Ian Hamilton wrote that Salinger even saw himself for some time as "Fitzgerald's successor".
He might have interpreted them and even guided them, as in their middle years they saw a different and nobler freedom threatened with destruction.
the 21st century, millions of copies of The Great Gatsby and his other works have been sold, and Gatsbya constant best-seller, is required reading in many high school and college classes.
Fitzgerald is a inductee of the New Jersey Hall of Fame. Cambridge University Press has published the complete works of F. Scott Fitzgerald in authoritative annotated editions.
The Cambridge Edition runs to fifteen volumes. Fitzgerald's works have been adapted into films many times. One of the earliest Fitzgerald short stories was adapted into a silent film The Off-Shore Pirate. Tender Is the Night was the subject of the eponymous filmand made into a television miniseries in The Beautiful and Damned was filmed in and The Great Gatsby has been the for numerous films of the same name, spanning nearly 90 years: Fitzgerald's letters have also been published in various editions such as Dear Scott, Dearest Zelda: The Love Letters of F.
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