An expiration date or expiry date is a previously determined date after which something should no longer be used, either by operation of law or by exceeding the anticipated shelf life for perishable goods. Expiration dates are applied to selected food products and to some other manufactured products like infant car seats where the age of the product may impact its safe use. Arbitrary expiration dates are also commonly applied by companies Food product dating fda website product couponspromotional offers and credit cards.
In these contexts, the expiration date is chosen for business reasons or to provide some security function rather than any product safety concern. The legal definition and usage of the term expiration date will vary between countries and products.
Best before or best by dates appear on Food product dating fda website wide range of frozen, dried, tinned and other foods. These dates are only advisory and refer to the quality of the product, in contrast with use by dates, which indicate that the product may no longer be safe to consume after the specified date.
Eggs are a special case, since they may contain salmonella which multiplies over time; they should therefore be eaten before the best before date, which is, in the USA, a maximum of 45 days after the eggs are packed. Sometimes the packaging process involves using pre-printed labels, making it impractical to write the best before date in a clearly visible location. In this case, wording like best before see bottom or best before see lid might be printed on the label and the date marked in a different location as indicated.
Generally, foods that have a use by date written on the packaging must not be eaten after the specified date. This is because such foods usually go bad quickly and may be injurious to health if spoiled. It is also important to follow storage instructions carefully for these foods for example, if they specify that the product must be refrigerated.
Bathroom products and toiletries usually state a time in months from the date the product is opened, by which they should be used. This is often indicated by a graphic of an open tubwith the number of Food product dating fda website written inside e. Open dating the use of a date stamped on the package of a food product to help determine how long to display the product for sale.
This benefits the consumer by ensuring that the product is of best quality when sold. An open date does not supersede a use-by dateif shown, which should still be followed. These dates are intended to help keep track of the stock in stores. It is common practice in large stores to throw away such food, as it makes the stock control process easier; another common practice is for wholesalers to repurchase the expired product and resell it to discount stores at much lower clearance sale prices.
These practices reduce the risk of customers unknowingly buying food without looking at the date, only to find out the next day that they cannot use it. Tampering with Food product dating fda website posted date is illegal in many countries.
Most stores will rotate stock by moving the products with the earliest dates to the front of shelving units, which encourages customers to buy them first and hopefully saves them from having to be either marked down or thrown away, both of which would result in financial loss.
An expiration date on food differs from a best-before date. According to the Canadian Food Inspection Agency "Expiration dates are required only on certain foods that have Food product dating fda website compositional and nutritional specifications which might not be met after the
Food product dating fda website date.
In Canada expiration dates must be used on the following food items list and comments copied from CFIA website:.
The concern is that after the expiration date has passed, the food may "Food product dating fda website" have the same nutrient content as specified on the packaging and for the listed regulated products, the nutritional content is quite important.
The CFIA recommends that food should be discarded and should not be bought, sold or eaten beyond the stated expiration date. This contrasts with a best before date which is an indication of how long properly stored prepackaged food is expected to retain its "freshness, taste, nutritional value, or any other qualities claimed by the manufacturer.
Non-food items may also carry an expiration date. For example, in Canada, all children are required to be secured in an infant car seat while in a motor vehicle that is in motion. Users are required by law to follow "Food product dating fda website" directions. There is no specific law that requires an expiration date, but all Transport Canada approved car seats sold in Canada carry a manufacturer applied expiration date that ranges between 6 and 9 years from date of manufacture.
The rational is that car seats are subjected to heat, cold, sun exposure, abuse by the children, and long term storage between children, all of which can degrade the structure and function of the car seat and cause a failure during a crash event. Further, beyond the expiration date the manufacturer will no longer be monitoring the safety of the seat through testing. Transport Canada advises to destroy an expired car seat and dispose of it at a landfill or recycling facility.
Never give an expired seat to someone else or to charity. With the exception of infant formula, the laws that the Food and Drug Administration FDA administers do not preclude the sale of food that is past the expiration date indicated on the label. FDA does not require food firms to place "expired by", "use by" or "best before" dates on food products.
This information is entirely at the discretion of the manufacturer. Most expiration dates are used as guidelines based on normal and expected handling and exposure to temperature. Use prior to the expiration date does not guarantee the safety of a food or drug, and a product is not necessarily dangerous or ineffective after the expiration date. If the cans look okay, they are safe to use. Discard cans that are dented, rusted, or swollen.
High-acid canned foods tomatoes, fruits will keep their best quality for 12 to 18 months; low-acid canned foods meats, vegetables for 2 to 5 years". Most food is still edible after the expiration date.
In most food stores, waste is minimized by using stock rotationwhich involves moving products with the earliest sell by date from the warehouse to the sales area, and then Food product dating fda website the front of the shelf, so that most shoppers will pick them up first and thus they are likely to be sold before the end of their shelf life.
This is important, as consumers enjoy fresher goods, and furthermore some stores can be fined for selling out of date products; most if not Food product dating fda website would have to mark such products down as wastedresulting in a financial loss.
The expiration date of pharmaceuticals specifies the date the manufacturer guarantees the full potency and safety of a drug. Most medications continue to be effective and safe for a time after the expiration date. A rare exception is a case of renal acidosis purportedly caused by expired tetracycline. Food and Drug Administration covered over drugs, prescription and over-the-counter.
Joel Davis, a former FDA expiration-date compliance chief, said that with a handful of exceptions - notably nitroglycerin, insulin and some liquid antibiotics - most expired drugs are probably effective. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The examples and perspective in this article deal primarily with North America and do not represent a worldwide view of the subject.
You may improve this articlediscuss the issue on the talk pageor create a new articleas appropriate. July Learn how and when to remove this template message. For other uses, see Expiration date disambiguation. Food Safety and Inspection Service. Food product dating fda website States Department of Agriculture.
Retrieved 6 April The Globe and Mail. Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. When Does Food Expire? Retrieved 30 May Retrieved 11 November Retrieved from " https: Product expiration Food safety Drug safety Product safety.
7. “Storage Times for Refrigerator and Freezer” Food host-wig.info. Food manufacturers also may donate or sell some products that
Food product dating fda website near or past An expired sell-by date, for example, doesn't necessarily mean that a food departments post food-store inspection reports on their websites. There are no regulations or requirements under current United States law that require cosmetic manufacturers to print expiration dates on the.